Housing Health and Safety Rating System

The Act introduces a completely new method for assessing housing conditions. It will replace the Fitness Standard (s604 Housing Act 1985 (as amended)).

The rating system will concentrate on health and safety in the home. Hazards will be identified and classified as either a Category 1 or a Category 2 hazard. The Council must take enforcement action to deal with Category 1 hazards and may take action to deal with Category 2 hazards.

A. Physiological Requirements

Damp and Mould Growth
Excess Cold
Excess Heat
Asbestos (and man-made fibres)
Carbon Monoxide etc
Uncombusted fuel gas
Volatile Organic Compounds

B. Psychological Requirements

Crowding and space
Entry by Intruders

C. Protection Against Infection

Domestic hygiene
Pests and Refuse
Food Safety
Personal Hygiene
Sanitation and Drainage Water supply

D. Protection against Accidents

Falls associated with baths
Falls on the level
Falls associated with stairs and steps
Falls between levels
Electrical hazards
Hot surfaces and materials
Collision and Entrapment
Position and Operability of Amenities
Structural collapse and failing elements

New types of enforcement action and notices will be introduced. These include:

  • Serving an Improvement Notice requiring works to remove the hazard.

  • Make a Prohibition Order prohibiting the use of residential dwellings or part of a residential dwelling.

  • Serve a Hazard Awareness Notice advising of hazard and recommending remedial action.

  • Take Emergency Remedial Action where there is imminent danger, the Council can also carry out emergency works.

  • Make an Emergency Prohibition Order- where there is imminent danger, the Council can prohibit the use of property immediately.

  • Make a Demolition Order requiring the property to be demolished.

  • Declare a Clearance Area- designated areas will be demolished and redeveloped.

The owner of the property has options to appeal to the Residential Property Tribunal.

Housing Health and Safety Rating System - Guidance for Landlords and Property Related Professionals

Housing Health and Safety Rating System - Operating Guidance

Housing Act 2004 - Enforcement Guidance: Part 1: Housing Conditions

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